Sushi related terms and definitions which will help you as a guide to the Japanese dish.
Aji - Spanish mackerel, horse mackerel.
Akagai - Red clam or ark shell.
Akami - Lean tuna, cut from the back of the fish.
Ama-ebi - Sweet shrimp, usually served raw.
Baigai - Small water snails.
Bara sushi - Sushi rice and ingredients mixed together, as a rice salad.
Basashi - Horse sashimi.
Biiru - Beer.
Bulgogi - Korean style marinated beef dish.
California roll - Crab meat, smelt or flying fish roe, avocado.
Chirashi-zushi - Bed of sushi rice with other ingredients mixed on top.
Chutoro medium - Fatty tuna, from the upper belly.
Chutoro-maki - Marbled tuna roll.
Daikon - Giant, long white radish.
Dashi - Basic soup and cooking stock.
Engawa - Halibut fin muscle. Meat surrounding the scallop muscle.
Fugu - Blowfish. It is toxic if improperly prepared!
Fugu-chiri - Cooked, sliced raw fugu meat in a stewpan. Also blowfish soup.
Fukusa sushi - Type of sushi which is wrapped in a crepe.
Futo maki - Fat roll filled with rice, sweetened cooked egg, pickled gourd, and bits of vegetables.
Gunkan maki - Battleship roll, an alternate name for kakomi sushi.
Hamachi - Young yellowtail.
Hamaguri - Clam.
Harusame - Thin, transparent bean gelatin noodles.
Hashi - Chopsticks.
Hatahata - Sandfish.
Hikari-mono - Fish sliced for serving with the silver fish skin left on.
Hotatagai - Scallops.
Ika - Squid.
Ikura - Salmon roe.
Ishikari-nabe - Salmon stew with sake.
Iwashi - Sardine.
Kakomi sushi - Nigiri sushi wrapped to hold in less solid ingredients. Also called gunkan maki (battleship roll) and funamori (boat wrap).
Kamaboko - Fish cake made from pounded whitefish mixed with cornstarch, formed into a sausage shape and cooked.
Kappa - Cucumber, when used in a sushi roll.
Karei - Flounder, flatfish.
Kurodai - Snapper.
Kuruma-ebi - Prawn.
Maguro - Tuna. Also akami, tekka, toro.
Mekajiki - Blue marlin or swordfish.
Meshimono - Rice mixed with meat or vegetables.
Mochi - Sweet glutinous rice cakes.
Murasaki - Sushi bar term for soy sauce.
Nama-tako - Fresh or raw octopus.
Negitoro maki - Scallion-and-tuna roll.
Nigiri-zushi - Fish, shellfish, or fish roe over vinegared rice balls. <>
Sushi is a healthy food, Japanese gourmet dish.